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Centrality dependence of the pseudorapidity density distribution for charged particles in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=5.02$ TeV

The ALICE collaboration
No Journal Information, 2016

Abstract (data abstract)
CERN-LHC. We present the charged-particle pseudorapidity density in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{\mathrm{NN}}}}=5.02\,\mathrm{TeV}$ in centrality classes measured by ALICE. The measurement covers a wide pseudorapidity range from $-3.5$ to $5$, which is sufficient for reliable estimates of the total number of charged particles produced in the collisions. For the most central collisions we find $21\,400\pm 1\,300$ while for the most peripheral we find $230\pm 38$. This corresponds to an increase of $(27\pm4)\%$ over the results at $\sqrt{s_{_{\mathrm{NN}}}}=2.76\,\mathrm{TeV}$ previously reported by ALICE. The energy dependence of the total number of charged particles produced in heavy-ion collisions is found to obey a modified power-law like behaviour. The charged-particle pseudorapidity density of the most central collisions is compared to model calculations - none of which fully describes the measured distribution. We also present an estimate of the rapidity density of charged particles. The width of that distribution is found to exhibit a remarkable proportionality to the beam rapidity, independent of the collision energy from the top SPS to LHC energies.

  • DN/DETARAP

    Data from Figure 1

    10.17182/hepdata.78365.v1/t1

    Charged-particle pseudorapidity density for ten centrality classes over a broad $\eta$ range in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{\mathrm{NN}}}}=5.02\,\mathrm{TeV}$. Boxes around the...

  • DN/DETARAP(ETARAP=0)

    Data from Figure 1

    10.17182/hepdata.78365.v1/t2

    Charged-particle pseudorapidity density at midrapidity in most perihperhal (80-90%) Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\scriptscriptstyle\mathrm{NN}}}=5.02\,\mathrm{TeV}$.

  • MULT

    Data from Figure 2

    10.17182/hepdata.78365.v1/t3

    Total number of charged particles as a function of the mean number of participating nucleons [PRC88.044909]. The total charged-particle multiplicity...

  • DN/DYRAP

    Data from Figure 5

    10.17182/hepdata.78365.v1/t4

    Estimation of $\mathrm{d}N_{\mathrm{ch}}/\mathrm{d}y$ for in the most central Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{\mathrm{NN}}}}=5.02\,\mathrm{TeV}$. Also shown is a fit of Gaussian distribution...

  • SIGMA DN/DYRAP

    Data from Figure 6

    10.17182/hepdata.78365.v1/t5

    Scaling behaviour as a function $\sqrt{s_{_{\mathrm{NN}}}}$ of the width of the charged-particle or -pion rapidity-density distribution with respect to the...

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